The Guardian view on Spain’s crisis: damage to Catalonia
Thousands of Catalans cheered, danced and downed glasses of cava to celebrate the regional parliament’s vote to declare independence from Spain on Friday. Less than an hour later, the national senate voted overwhelmingly to approve article 155 powers allowing Barcelona’s authority to be removed in an attempt to stop independence in its tracks. The Spanish government has taken control of Catalonia, sacked its president, , and called a snap regional election for December. Remain calm, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy urged his compatriots; legality will be restored. He hopes for a speedy resolution. But despite the applause on one side and pledge of quiet resolution on the other, they all know that no end is in sight.
Independence is opposed by many Catalans – historically the majority of them, though current events may change that – as well as Spain and the rest of . But using Article 155 is the “nuclear option”, never invoked since Spain returned to democracy after the death of Franco in 1975. A crisis already damaging both to a region that is deeply divided on the issue of secession (almost half of Catalan legislators walked out of Friday’s vote), and to the country, has just got much worse.
It has been long in the making. But in recent months it has accelerated thanks to the recklessness and intransigence of both sides as they have ploughed on, intent on forcing the other to step aside or back down. That may owe less to the real conviction that they could strongarm their opponents than to the pressures they faced from their own side to stand firm. When , offering a way out of the deadlock, allies in the independence movement tweeted “fraud” and “155 pieces of silver”; protesters took to the streets. The increasingly ugly nature of the dispute can only make it harder to resolve matters.
And yet – as the anxiety in Madrid and Barcelona showed – declaring independence and invoking article 155 are in a sense the easy parts. . For Catalan nationalists that is a very long-term challenge. But as officials and politicians in Madrid acknowledge, their path is not straightforward either. ?
Concern is spreading. Mr Puigdemont has begun to , as a call for the upholding of universal principles, including self-determination: he will not win over governments, but may find their peoples more receptive. Jean-Claude Juncker, president of the European commission, warned that the EU did not need “more cracks”. A tweet from Donald Tusk, the European council president, reiterated that Spain remained the EU’s “only interlocutor”, but added: “I hope it favours force of argument, not argument of force.”
There is no doubt that the Catalan leadership acted illegally in holding the referendum. There can equally be no doubt that Madrid turned a blind eye to legal and civil rights when it dismissed criticism of police brutality in the anti-referendum operations. It is beyond question that a legal response is inadequate to fix this problem: the Belgian prime minister, Charles Michel, that a political crisis can only be solved through dialogue. Madrid’s inept and tone-deaf response to the independence movement has inflamed the cause, not dampened the fire. Matters should never have got to this stage. They should go no further. Economic damage the damage to the social fabric of Spain, and Catalonia in particular, is equally obvious and, in the long run, may prove harder to repair. But when tempers are so heated it is clear that this crisis is likely to get worse before it gets better. How much more will be destroyed before the flames are beaten down?
通过电子邮件获取最大的日常故事 订阅 请参阅我们的 感谢您订阅 我们有更多腾博会官网通讯 看看我们的 无法订阅，请稍后重试 无效的电子邮件 周一，尼古拉斯·威彻（Nicholas Witchell）在一场关于这位新皇室宝宝的现场直播中似乎失去了两次注意力，震惊了观众
通过电子邮件获取最大的日常故事 订阅 请参阅我们的 感谢您订阅 我们有更多新闻通讯 看看我们的 无法订阅，请稍后重试 无效的电子邮件 Lisa Appleton在腾博会国际度假时度过了非常愉快的时光
通过电子邮件获取最大的日常故事 订阅 请参阅我们的 感谢您订阅 我们有更多新闻通讯 看看我们的 无法订阅，请稍后重试 无效的电子邮件 哈里·斯泰尔斯（Harry Styles）在今年的粉红色地毯首次亮相时，完全接受了今年的“阵营”主题